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Scottish History Timeline

A chronological record of the most important events in the history of Scotland.


17th Century Scottish History Timeline

1600: Scotland adopts the Gregorian calendar.


1603: The Union of the Crowns: James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England.

Union of the Crowns



1614: John Napier invents logarithms and publishes a book promoting their use in mathematics.

John Napier



1615: The Jesuit John Ogilvy is hanged for saying Mass


1618: James VI forces episcopacy on the Church of Scotland through the Five Articles of Perth.


1624: Plague epidemic in Edinburgh.


1633: Education Act of 1633 ordains that there should be a school in every parish.


1637: Riots in Edinburgh in protest at the introduction of a new Prayer Book.


1638: Scottish Covenanters rebel against Charles I.


1643: The Solemn League and Covenant promises Scots army to aid English parliamentarians against the king.


1650: Surrender of Edinburgh castle to invading forces of Oliver Cromwell.


1651-1660: Scotland is incorporated into the English Commonwealth and Protectorate.


1660: The monarchy is restored and Scotland resumes its status as a separate kingdom.


1661: First Scottish newspaper published by Thomas Sydserf.


1670: Glasgow displaces Aberdeen and Dundee to become Scotland's second largest trade city. (behind Edinburgh)


1678: First regular stagecoach from Edinburgh to Glasgow.


1679: Duke of Monmouth defeats Covenanters at the Battle of Bothwell Bridge.

Duke of Monmouth



1682: The National Library of Scotland is founded.


1689: Jacobite highlanders defeat army of William III at Killiecrankie, but are halted at Dunkeld.

Jacobites Scotland



1689: The Claim of Right and the re-establishment of Presbyterianism.


1692: Massacre of Glencoe. Clan Campbell siding with the King murder thirty-eight members of Clan McDonald - after spending two weeks in their hospitality.

Massacre of Glencoe



1695: The Bank of Scotland is created by Act of Parliament.

Bank of Scotland - 20 note

Bank of Scotland 20 note

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