1503: James IV marries Margaret Tudor.
1504: Plague hits Glasgow with many deaths.
Help was always available if
you took Bubonic Plague
1508: The first printed book in Scotland with a definite date - a poem by John Lydgate 'The Complaint of the Black Knight'
Complaint of the Black Knight
1513: James IV and thousands of Scots are killed at Flodden.
1515: Birth of Mary of Guise, mother of Mary, Queen of Scots.
Mary of Guise
1522 England declares war on both Scotland and France.
1532: Creation of the College of Justice and the Court of Session.
1542: Mary, Queen of Scots, born at Linlithgow Palace.
1543: Mary Queen of Scots crowned queen at Stirling Castle.
1544: Acting on behalf of Henry VIII , the Earl of Hereford invades Scotland in a vain attempt to force the Scots to agree to the marriage of Mary to Henry's son, Edward. This is known as the 'Rough Wooing'.
1547: The English destroy Edinburgh once more.
1548: Treaty of Haddington, between France and Scotland, confirming the betrothal of Mary Queen of Scots and
Francis, Dauphin of France
Francis, Dauphin of France
1558: Mary, Queen of Scots, marries French Dauphin, Francis Valois at Notre Dame in Paris. (Francis was aged 14 and Mary 16)
1559: John Knox returns to Scotland from Geneva to promote Calvinism. He is appointed minister of St Giles' church Edinburgh.
1560: Parliament legislates protestant reformation of the Church of Scotland.
1560: Parliament prohibits Latin Mass in Scotland.
1561: Following the death of her husband, King Francis II, Mary Queen of Scots lands at Leith on her return from France.
Leith Harbour Edinburgh -
changed a little since Mary's visit.
1565: Mary, Queen of Scots, marries Lord Darnley, Henry Stuart.
1566: Mary is held captive in Holyrood Palace; David Rizzio is stabbed.
Holyrood Palace Edinburgh
1566: Mary Queen of Scots gives birth to the future King James VI of Scotland and I of England.
King James VI of Scotland
1567: Lord Darnley, Henry
Stewart, is assassinated at Kirk o' Field House; James Hepburn is cleared of the murder.
Lord Darnley - Henry Stewart
1567: Mary, Queen of Scots, marries the Earl of Bothwell
Earl of Bothwell
1567: Mary Queen of Scots abdicates and the young James VI (just 13 months old) acceded to Scottish throne.
1568: Mary, Queen of Scots, flees to England following the defeat of her army at the Battle of Langside.
1569: Edinburgh struck by an outbreak of plague.
1578: James VI takes over government from his regent, James Douglas.
James VI of Scotland
1582: The University of Edinburgh is founded - it is the fourth university in Scotland.
University of Edinburgh
1587: Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded by the order of Queen Elizabeth I of England.
Alfred Clark's painting of
Mary, Queen of Scots being beheaded
1592: Presbyterianism becomes the established form of church government in Scotland by Act of Parliament.