1802: John Playfair publishes summary of James Hutton's theories of Geology.
1805: The Glasgow Herald newspaper first published.
1814: Glasgow Green is Europe's first public park.
Glasgow Green - Pencil
1817: The Scotsman newspaper first published.
1820: The 'Radical War' also known as the Scottish Insurrection, was a week of strikes and unrest, a culmination of Radical demands for reform in which had become prominent in the early years of the French Revolution, but had then been repressed during the long Napoleonic Wars.
1822: Visit of King George IV to Scotland organized by Sir Walter Scott.
1842: Edinburgh-Glasgow railway line takes first passengers.
1846: Beginning of the ten-year Highland Potato Famine.
A Grumpy Potato
1847: The United Presbyterian Church of Scotland is established.
1847: Alexander Graham Bell is born.
1859: The National Gallery opens in Edinburgh.
1864: James Clerk Maxwell presents equations describing electromagnetic fields.
1867: Scottish Women's Suffrage Society holds first meeting.
1874: Patronage abolished in the Church of Scotland.
1878: Collapse of the City of Glasgow Bank
1879: William Ewart Gladstone conducts the Midlothian campaign as part of a political comeback.
1879: The Tay Bridge Disaster. (bridge collapsed in storm taking train with it)
1885: Creation of the Scottish Office and the post of Secretary for Scotland, later Secretary of State for Scotland.
1889: Edinburgh hit by an earthquake.
1890: Opening of the Forth Railway Bridge.
1896: Opening of the Glasgow Subway
(Glasgow Underground or Clockwork Orange).