1020: Mel Coluim (Malcolm II) permanently annexes Edinburgh to Scotland
Malcolm II - King of Scotland
1058: After defeating Mac Bethad and Lulach, Mel Coluim III
(Malcolm III) is proclaimed king.
Máel Coluim III
1074: Refortification of Edinburgh Castle and city begins under Malcolm III.
Edinburgh Castle - 2010
1093: Queen Margaret dies at fort on 'Hill of Agned', regarded as a royal castle - St Margaret's chapel is built soon afterwards
Stained Glass at Saint
Margaret's Chapel, Edinburgh Castle