1234: Galloway's independent existence ends with the death of Alan, Lord of Galloway.
1237: Southern border of Scotland established in the Treaty of York.
1263: Scots defeat Norwegians at Largs.
Vikingar at Largs - still
celebrating the victory!
Largs Viking Festival
1266: Norway cedes the Western Isles to Scotland in the Treaty of Perth.
1274: Robert the Bruce born.
Robert the Bruce statue at
1286: Glasgow Bridge, made of timber, built across the River Clyde
1292: Edward I of England intervenes in Scottish affairs and grants the Scottish throne to John Balliol.
1295: Robert Bruce, 'The Great Competitor' and grandfather of King Robert the Bruce, dies.
1295: Treaty between King John Balliol of Scotland and King Philippe IV of France promises allegiance against the English - the start of the 'Auld Alliance'.
1296: Edinburgh is again held by the English, and is strongly fortified.
1297: Andrew de Moravia and William Wallace leads the Scots to victory over England at Stirling Bridge.
1298: The army of the English King Edward I, using longbows for the first time, defeat the Scots led by Sir William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk.
Prince Charles at the Battle of Falkirk