1402: English defeat Scots in the Battle of Nesbit Moor and the Battle of Homildon Hill
1406: King James I captured by English near Flamborough as he heads to France.
1411: University of St. Andrews founded.
University of St. Andrews -
1421: Scottish and French troops under the command of the Earl of Buchan defeat the English at Baug in Anjou, France.
1423: Treaty of London, releasing James I from his eighteen years captivity in England.
1437: Edinburgh becomes the capital of Scotland.
1451: University of Glasgow founded.
University of Glasgow - now.
1468: Denmark cedes Orkney and Shetland to Scotland.
1482: Berwick on Tweed finally lost to the England (after changing hands 12 times).
1493: Lordship of the Isles abolished. In 1540 the title was reserved to the crown.
1494: University of Aberdeen founded (King's College).
University of Aberdeen -
1496: Education Act of 1496 makes education compulsory for barons and wealthy landowners.