1303: France and England make peace - English army now free to concentrate attack Scotland.
1304: Stirling Castle captured by Edward I. (All castles now in the hands of the English)
1305: William Wallace betrayed - handed over to the English and executed.
1307: Battle of Loudon Hill. King Robert I comprehensively defeats English forces led by de Valence.
Pulpit Rock - Loudon Hill
1307: Battle of Inverurie in which Robert the Bruce defeats the troops of John Comyn.
1309: King Robert the Bruce convens his first parliament, at St Andrews.
1312: Treaty of Inverness with Norway.
1314: Robert the Bruce defeats the English at Bannockburn.
1314: Edinburgh castle captured by Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray.
1318: King Robert the Bruce captures Berwick on Tweed.
Berwick on Tweed - - Scottish
- English - Scottish???
1320: Nobles assert Scottish independence in the Declaration of Arbroath.
Declaration of Arbroath
1328: Treaty of Northampton. England recognises Scottish independence.
1334: Scotland loses major port of Berwick to the English.
1350: The Black Death hits Glasgow and other towns.
1371: Robert II becomes first Stewart king.
1371: Treaty of Vincennes creating an alliance between France and Scotland.