1707: The Union of the Parliaments: the Acts of Union are passed by both the Scottish and English parliaments.
1715: First Jacobite rising.
1725: Glasgow occupied by General Wade's army.
1744: The world's first Golf Club (the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers) was founded.
1745: Second Jacobite rising.
1746: The Battle of Culloden ends the second Jacobite rising. Taking place on 16 April 1746, the battle pitted the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart against an army commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, loyal to the British government. Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded, while Government losses were just 50 dead and 259 wounded.
1754: Joseph Black discovers 'fixed air' (carbon dioxide).
1762: Land tenure reform leads to the Highland Clearances and massive emigration for several decades.
The remains of Grumbeg
Village, Loch Naver
1768: The first edition of the 'Encylopaedia Britannica' is published in Edinburgh by William Smellie
1769: James Watt patents and idea for separate condensing chamber in the Steam engine.
1771: Sir Walter Scott
(novelist and poet) is born.
1772: Construction of the North Bridge in Edinburgh, designed by Robert Adam, is completed.
1776: Adam Smith, a professor at Glasgow University, publishes Wealth of Nations
1780: The construction of the Forth and Clyde Canal is completed